When the gum separates from the teeth in periodontal disease, deep pockets between the teeth and gum develop. If the pocketing is not too severe, root planing , or deep cleaning, can remove the bacteria colonies attached to the teeth. When pocketing increases, usually with bone loss around the teeth, it becomes technically impossible to remove sufficient amounts of bacteria to allow healing. Flap surgery is a procedure where the gum flap is stretched away from the tooth, to allow direct access to the bacteria deposits. All bacteria are thoroughly removed, and in some cases, small amounts of diseased tissue and even diseased bone must be removed. The area is medicated and the gum flap is replaced and sutured allowing the bone and gum tissue to heal. Every step of the way, we will be focusing on your comfort as we restore periodontal health.